Tourism, Somalia (Somaliland)

The Federal Republic of Somalia is located in Eastern Africa, bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, Indian Ocean to the east and Kenya to the south. It is 637, 657 km2  246, 200 sq mi, with a population of 10, 428, 043 people.

Somalia is unofficially divided into various autonomous regions including Somaliland (northwest), Puntland (northeast) and south-central. Puntland and south-central suffers political turmoil due to the ongoing civil war, piracy and terrorism, which discourages all tourism. Many cultural and tourism attractions have been destroyed, including museums and archaeological sites (Mire, 2007). However, Somaliland, a self-declared internationally unrecognized country, which bases its borders on the British Protectorate of Somaliland (1884-1960), has a nascent tourism, thanks to homegrown peace and development. Tourism is mainly based on culture and heritage, encouraged by recent discoveries of archaeological sites (Mire, 2008). The Department of Tourism and Archaeology established in mid 2000s (Mire, 2011), manages natural and cultural sites including the Daalo mountains and the famous Laas Geel and Dhambalin cave paintings. The Red Sea beaches, including Batalale at Berbera, are unspoiled and a few hotels specialize on diving activities…